An Angara 1.2 small Russian launch vehicle was launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Northern Russia at 1955 GMT on 15 October 2022. The vehicle was carrying Cosmos 2560 (Kosmos 2560), a classified Russian military satellite. The satelliite is thought to be the fourth of a 150 kg class small Russian miiltary optical reconnaissance satellite of the EMKA/MKA-R family, and the third of the MKA-R (Razbeg) bus type built by JSC Corporation VNIIEM.
The first of the family was Cosmos 2525 (Kosmos 2525) which used a EMKA bus – a prototype bus for the later MKA-R (RAZBEG) class – and which was launched in March 2018. This was followed by COSMOS 2551 aka MKA-R 01 (launched in September 2021) which is thought to be the first MKA-R (RAZBEG). This failed to work on arrival in orbit. Cosmos 2555 (Kosmos 2555) was another MKA-R which failed to become operational after launch.