Double Soyuz launch: Long staying astronauts are launched from Baikonur while Galileo navsat pair is launched from Sinnamary

by | Mar 30, 2015 | ESA, International Space Station, Soyuz | 0 comments

A pair of Soyuz rockets were launched into orbit on the same day. At 1943 GMT on 27 March 2015, a Soyuz FG launched the TMA-016M spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, near Tyuratam in Kazakhstan.  The flight carried Russian cosmonauts Gennady Padalka and Mikhail Kornienko, along with NASA astronaut Scott Kelly. The spacecraft docked with the International Space Station (ISS) at the Poisk module at 0133 GMT on 28 March 2015 after a “fast” six hour rendezvous technique.

Mikhial Kornienko and Scott Kelly are due to stay on the ISS for over one year as part of an experiment medical examination of the effect that long term spaceflight has on the human body.  As a “control”, Scott Kelly’s twin brother, the retired astronaut Mark Kelly, will remain on Earth and have his body and bodily functions measured in a parallel test.

The former pop-singer Sarah Brightman, who was previously married Andrew Lloyd-Webber and once had a hit with “I lost my heart to a starship trooper”, waved the astronauts off.  She will become a self-financed space-tourist astronaut herself when she visits the astronauts on the ISS in September.

Also on 27 March, at 2146 GMT a Soyuz ST-B launch vehicle carried two ESA/EU financed Galileo navigation satellites (Galileo FOC FM-03 and FM-04) into orbit from its Sinnamary launch site which is part of the Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana. While a previous flight of Galileo FOC FM-01 and FM-02 were badly undershot into an orbit with a perigee nearly 12,000km short of its 23,522 km circular orbit, this flight went more or less to plan and the two satellites become the first pair in the fully operational 30 satellite European navigation satellite constellation.  There was a slight launch inaccuracy with 23,600km circular achieved for a target of 23,522km and 56 degree inclination achieved compared to the target of 55.04 degrees which was less than 2% off target (Arianespace no longer publishes 3 sigma limits). Orbital corrections are not expected to affect the lifespans of the spacecraft.

About Seradata

Seradata produce the renowned SpaceTrak Launch & Satellite Database. Trusted by 100 of the world’s leading Space organisations, SpaceTrak is a fully queryable database used for market analysis, failure/risk assessment, spectrum analysis and space situational awareness (SSA).

For more information go to www.seradata.com/spacetrak

Related Articles

Soyuz TMA-016M lands with crew of three

The manned spacecraft, Soyuz TMA-016M, undocked from the International Space Station (ISS) at 2139 GMT on 11 September 2015, to return Read more

Astronauts install “mod kit’ as work continues on the ISS Power Augmentation program

On 15 March 2022 NASA astronauts Kayla Barron and Raja Chari opened the hatch at 1212 GMT to begin their Read more

Russian cosmonauts make spacewalk to work on Prichal module as usual ISS activity goes on

Russian cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov, current commander of Expedition 66, and Peytr Dubrov made a spacewalk from the International Space Station Read more

Dragon CRS-24 launch by SpaceX Falcon 9 marks final supply run of 2021

On 21 December, NASA and SpaceX successfully launched the Dragon CRS-24 (Commercial Resupply Services-24) spacecraft at 1007 GMT using a Read more

Soyuz MS-20 returns ending 12-day space tourism mission

The crew of Soyuz MS-20 closed the hatch for the last time on 19 December 2021 at 1932 GMT. They Read more

NASA chooses three commercial LEO space station designs as possible replacements for ISS whose retirement it wants to delay until 2030

NASA has signed agreements with three US companies to develop designs of space stations and other commercial destinations in low Read more

Crew Dragon – NASA Crew 2 undocks from the ISS and returns to Earth…then Crew Dragon – NASA Crew 3 is launched by Falcon 9 on way to space station

On 8 November 2021 at 1905 GMT, Crew Dragon - NASA Crew 2 Endeavour autonomously undocked from the IDA-3 /PMA-3 Read more

International Space Station destablised as Soyuz MS-18 engine burn lasts too long but cosmonaut, actress & director returned to Earth OK

After a delay, the NASA mission control centre in Houston reported that the recently docked Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft had a Read more

Categories

Archives